An introduction to the issue of foodborne illness in todays society
General advice for the prevention of foodborne disease includes good personal hygiene by food handlers, careful food storage and proper cooking methods.
Food safety and foodborne illnesses
The biggest limitations of syndromic surveillance are the production of vast volumes of data, sometimes of questionable benefit, that such surveillance generates and the systems inability to reliably recognize individual cases [ 24 , 25 ]. The primary host and natural reservoir known at this point for Shigella is the human gastrointestinal tract. Biological hazards are the biggest threat to food safety. Usual symptoms typically include abdominal cramping, diarrhea; vomiting and fever. Shigella infection typically occurs by ingestion fecal—oral contamination ; depending on age and condition of the host, fewer than bacterial cells can be enough to cause an infection. This approach would seek to prevent the occurrence of foodborne disease outbreaks or contamination events of the food supply chain. Viruses: Norovirus infections are characterized by nausea, explosive vomiting, watery diarrhoea and abdominal pain.
Botulism Foodborne botulism is a form of food poisoning caused by Clostridium botulinum. They are known to have become contaminated with the pathogens from the human reservoir, rodents and insects, sewage escaping from the faulty pipes and drains, unpotable water, condensation caused by the faulty ventilation, and contaminated food FDA, May L.
Viruses such as Hepatitis A can behave like parasites and infect people as well as the entire food chain [ 918 ].
Food safety issues
They are responsible for many cases of adult illnesses and some deaths, but more importantly, contaminated food is a source of the acute diarrhoeal diseases that claim the lives of enormous numbers of children every day. They are able to move via flagella. The Caribbean, however, lacks the comprehensive food safety system that should be a corollary to successful food production. Every year, approximately 2. The factors that affect food safety Foods are the basic building blocks of living things, yet they may pose a threat and become harmful to human health in some situations [ 13 ]. East Afr. German R. Infection by this bacterium can cause hemolytic—uremic syndrome, which can cause bloody colitis with severe abdominal pain, bloody diarrhea, nausea and vomiting, and the syndrome can lead to renal failure, brain damage, heart attack, paralysis and even death [ 9 ]. One health initiative. This short communication makes the argument of the importance of food borne illnesses specific to the Caribbean, and improvements that could be made to surveillance to reduce negative outcomes associated with the food supply chain. Salmonella outbreak in 26 states tied to raw turkey "Foods travel longer distances to get from farms to consumers, and pathogens can be introduced along the way," Donnelly said.
In case of foodborne illness, the diagnosis of B. Many of the governments in the region have offered training and licensing programs to food vendors, however as the selling of food is often seen as an easy avenue to economic entrepreneurship in the region many of the food vendors are unlicensed and untrained, often due to the lack of resources or political will to enforce these policies.
Studies conducted on the distribution of foodborne diseases across the world have demonstrated that a majority of these diseases occur during the processing of the food in the preparation stage at home or at food production sites [ 10 ]. Take samples of the foods under investigation according to the procedures laid down by the FMOH.
The others are stomachache and diarrhea [ 16 ]. Incidences of Cyclospora, Listeria and Vibrio were found to be the highest among the elderly, aged 65 years and older, whereas for all of the other pathogens, the highest incident rates were found among children younger than 5 years of age [ 6 ].
based on 20 review